On March 4, 1999, DOE and the Russian Academy of Sciences signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) designed to promote cooperation in science and technology. This MOU is conducted under the auspices of the U.S./Russian Federation Science and Technology Agreement that has been in effect since December 16, 1993. The managing body for the MOU is the Joint Coordinating Committee for Science and Technology (JCCST). The JCCST meets annually to discuss projects of mutual interest and share experiences between Russian and American scientists.
The 1st Joint Coordinating Committee for Science and Technology was held on May 15, 2000 in Moscow, Russia. Two Implementing Arrangements were signed at the JCCST meeting: "Geologic Analogues, Migration and Accumulation of Radionuclides in Geologic Media" and "Risk Assessment and Advanced Modeling Regarding Geologic Disposal."